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This sacred monogram is formed of the first three letters of the Greek word for "Jesus" (IHCOYC). The horizontal line that forms a cross is the sign for an abbreviation.

This is the Greek name for "Jesus". It may be written using the Roman alphabet (top) or the Greek alphabet (bottom).

This sacred monogram is but another form of "ihc" (above).

This unusual styling of IHS, often mistaken for a dollar ($) sign, may sometimes be found on tombstones in old cemeteries.

These Latin letters stand for the inscription that Pilate ordered placed on Jesus' cross: "Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum" — Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.

John 19:19 Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. (NIV)

This ancient monogram is rarely seen in today's churches. It is formed of two Greek letters. The "I" is the first letter of the Greek name of Jesus (IHCOYC), and the "X" is the first letter of the Greek word for Christ (XPICTOC).